History of Copper

Company News, Recycling Acts & Stats

Copper has been an essential material to man since pre-historic times. In fact, one of the major “ages” or stages of human history is named for a copper alloy, bronze. Copper and its many alloys have played an important role in many civilizations, from the ancient Egyptians, Romans to modern day cultures around the world. Here, you will find a number of reference materials detailing the role that copper has played throughout human civilization for thousands of years.

Copper in the USA: Bright Future – Glorious Past

Copper was first used by man over 10,000 years ago. A copper pendant discovered in what is now northern Iraq has been dated about 8700 B.C. For nearly five millennia copper was the only metal known to man, and thus had all the metal applications.

Early copper artifacts, first decorative, then utilitarian, were undoubtedly hammered out from “native copper,” pure copper found in conjunction with copper-bearing ores in a few places around the world. By 5000 BC, the dawn of metallurgy had arrived, as evidence exists of the smelting of simple copper oxide ores such as malachite and azurite.

Not until about 4000 BC did gold appear on the scene as man’s second metal. By 3000 B.C., silver and lead were being used and the alloying of copper had begun, first with arsenic and then with tin. For many centuries, bronze reigned supreme, being used for plows, tools of all kinds, weapons, armor, and decorative objects. Though copper came from the island of Cyprus-from whence its name-and numerous other sites in the Middle East, the origin of the tin in the bronze is still a mystery.

The Bronze Age suddenly ended at about 1200 BC, with the general collapse of the ancient world and the interruption of international trade routes. The supply of tin in particular dried up and the Iron Age was ushered in, not because iron was a superior material, but because it was widely available. The deliberate alloying of iron with carbon to form the first steels did not occur for centuries.

Economy in the use of copper and its alloys was necessitated by these early trade interruptions, and this efficiency in use and re-use has continued from that day to this.

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Top Most Benefits of LCD Monitor Recycling

News & Events, Recycling Acts & Stats ,

LCD-Monitor-RecyclingOne of the best environmental friendly practices is the proper – and I mean ‘proper’ – recycling of old monitors and LCD screens which need an upgrade or downright replacement. Now most people think that just throwing out the decrepit stuff is enough to keep their personal space empty and clean. This approach is essentially wrong.

Eventually, we all come to an understanding of Justin Timberlake’s song “what goes around comes back around.” Or perhaps, we could explain it differently that it is nature paying back to us with what we threw at it in the past.

If you didn’t get my philosophical reflection, just don’t give up yet and read on till the end. You can get back to me with your questions or opinions in the space reserved for your comments.

Why is LCD Monitor disposal so important?

Until and unless a user understands the dangers he is exposed to in his environment – because of an unusable device such as a worn out monitor or LCD – he won’t be able to improve his own getting-rid- of-eWaste practices. I don’t wanna give a long lecture, so just mentioning a few points one could easily remember. Here you go: • LCD screen contains mercury which can be found in the small back light within the LCD monitor. It can be processed to safely recover the mercury. • Each LCD monitor is evaluated to see if it can be refurbished and sold further to minimize the need for fresh production or usage of virgin material. • If thrown away without proper disposal, CRT monitors and LCDs contain dangerous materials such as phosphorous, cadmium and mercury which has the ability to spread in open air.

What is the process?
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The process is simple yet requires expert and secure services for a complete disposal of electronic device. For recycling, we provide facilities in Philadelphia, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Washington DC, and Connecticut for free. In our processing facilities, these screens are first dismantled and then recycled into basic commodities. Actually, the process is rather fascinating if you are a material junky like us. Let me take you through it in more detail:

When the monitors and LCD screens are collected from the customer, they are first sent to a facility where usable material is sorted among the unserviceable stuff. After that, it is sent to various departments to be sorted further and most of the elements (e.g. metals, such as, copper and steel) are smelted down and turned into raw material. Lead is extracted from smelted glass. Once the useful material is in raw form, it is then sent to another place to be given a new form, such as of a fresh product or a component to create something new.

How beneficial or harmful is it for a company?

Recycling monitors and screens are beneficial for companies if they work with goodwill towards the betterment of environment. By stripping the devices of the dangerous materials and disposing everything off lawfully, companies not only build credibility in the hearts of the customers but also in the corporate world. Opting for an environment friendly business practice is the least you can do for humanity.

Interesting facts about LCD Monitor Disposal
Top Most Benefits of LCD Monitor Recycling

• To manufacture a monitor screen, it takes about 48 pounds of chemical, 539 pounds of fossil fuel, and nearly 1.5 tons of water. • Most of the stuff considered “e-waste” does not qualify as waste material. It is, in fact, reusable and marketable in parts or whole immediately. • About 85 per cent devices are disposed in landfills, which assists in the release of toxics into the air.


All in all, it is advisable to every individual and corporation to opt for a professional electronic and IT recycling process. If you are one of the responsible citizens of Earth, tell us what you would do for a secure disposal of hazardous materials or share your story of e-waste recycling with us. If it’s inspiring, we might just feature it in one of our future posts.

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How to Recycle Cans

Aluminium Cans, Company News, Recycling Acts & Stats


This article provides tips on recycling two common household items: aluminum cans and steel food cans (also known as tin cans).

There are precious metals and then there are non-precious metals. But, every recycler knows that all metals are precious. They are eminently usable and reusable; getting new metals requires destructive and expensive mining, and we will run out of them someday. It seems crazy to have such a valuable resource sitting in landfills or being destroyed in incinerators.

Both aluminum and steel are in high demand from manufacturers. For that reason, they fetch a decent price on commodity markets, and almost every community has a program for recycling them.

Aluminum cans have always been recycledfood18

The most common use for aluminum cans is holding beverages. Sodas, beer, energy drinks and more line the shelves at supermarkets and convenience stores around the country. Aluminum goes into other food storage products such as foil and pie tins, all of which can be recycled assuming they do not have too much food or grease on them. Aluminum has plenty of other uses as well, including wiring, window and picture frames, cookware and lawn chairs.

Coors Brewing Company, based in Colorado, was the first beverage company to put its beer in aluminum cans in 1959. Coors found that aluminum cans preserved flavor better. And, the company believed in recycling — consumers who returned their beer cans to the brewery received a penny for each piece.

Royal Crown Cola was the next company to buy into aluminum cans in a big way. It started packaging its RC Cola and Diet Rite brands in aluminum in 1964. One of Royal Crown’s main reasons: It was easy to print nice graphics directly on the can, which helped it increase brand awareness and market share. Aluminum was also strong enough to withstand the considerable pressure of carbonating sodas. More companies jumped on board in the 1960s and 1970s, and by the 1980s, the aluminum can was considered the king of all beverage containers.

When companies first started using aluminum cans they weighed about 3 ounces. Today, thanks to advances in technology and a concerted effort to reduce the amount of material used in packaging, the average beverage can weighs less than half an ounce.

Recycling aluminum cans

cansAluminum is made from a mined substance called bauxite. The bauxite is refined to remove aluminum oxide, a white powder with the consistency of sugar. Electricity is applied to the aluminum oxide to separate the aluminum from the oxygen. Small amounts of additional metals are mixed with the aluminum to prevent corrosion and add other beneficial characteristics. All told, it is an expensive and energy-intensive process.
According to the American Beverage Association, aluminum cans that are ready to be recycled are transported to a specialized manufacturer called a smelter. They are tested for moisture content, shredded, heated to remove any paint on the outside, and brought to their melting temperature of 1,400º F. The liquid metal is poured into bars called ingots, which can weigh up to 40,000 pounds. Each ingot is then flattened into aluminum sheets that become the raw material for cans. Those sheets, which can be more than 5 miles long, are put onto rolls and shipped to manufacturers.

It takes a tremendous amount of energy to make brand-new beverage containers, but when manufacturers use recycled cans it reduces their carbon emissions by a whopping 95%.

According to the Can Manufacturers Institute, which has some nifty recycling infographics on its website, nearly 106,000 cans are recycled in America every minute. Thirteen aircraft carriers could be built from the aluminum cans recycled in 2011 (if aircraft carriers were made of solid aluminum, of course).

Modern food cans ‘tin’ food cans are steel

Today, most food cans are made of steel. Manufacturing is a highly mechanized, sterile process that involves stretching metal into the familiar cylindrical shape, stamping the ridges on them (which helps the can stand up to pressure during processing), cleaning them and using a mechanical eye to check for defects.

The inside of most cans is coated with food-grade epoxy to prevent any metal from leaching into the food. The downside to this practice: That epoxy usually contains BPA, a plastic hardener known to cause a host of health problems. And, you can’t always trust the packaging: In 2009, the nonprofit Consumers Union released a study showing that many canned foods that claimed to be BPA-free really were not.

Recycling and reusing food cans

The Can Manufacturers Institute reports that recycling steel cans saves 74% of the energy used to produce them. Taken annually, that savings is enough to power all the homes and businesses in the city of Los Angeles for eight years.

In addition, recycling a ton of cans saves more than 1 ton of iron ore, 1,400 pounds of coal and 1,200 pounds of limestone. Any way you slice it, recycling cans is a really good idea.

As with aluminum cans, it is a good idea to rinse out food cans out before recycling them. Most communities with a curbside recycling program will accept them in the bin. If they do not, search our site for a recycler in your community.

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Recycling In General

Company News, News & Events, Recycling Acts & Stats

Overall, Americans recovered 34% of waste generated in 2009. That means we threw away 161 million tons of material, which amounts to about three pounds of garbage per person per day.

There were about 9,000 curbside recycling programs in the United States in 2009.

In 2009, Americans recycled 82 million tons of materials. The resulting CO2 emission reduction is equivalent to taking 33 million passenger vehicles off the road.

The recyclable materials in the U.S. waste stream would generate over $7 billion if they were recycled. That’s equivalent to Donald Trump’s net worth.

The recycling industry employed over 1.1 million workers and generated over $236 billion in annual revenue in 2001. Increasing recycling rates and new collection programs show that the industry is growing.


In 2009, 3.4 million tons of aluminum were generated in the U.S. and .69 million tons were recovered.

In the United States, over 100,000 aluminum cans are recycled each minute. That amounts to 53 billion cans recycled in 2010. However, over $1.1 billion in aluminum cans were wasted in 2010.

The aluminum cans recycled in 2010, stacked one on top of the other, would be 1,454 times taller than the Empire State Building.

If you laid all the aluminum cans recycled in 2010 end to end, they could circle the earth 169 times!

The U.S. recycling rate for aluminum beverage cans reached 58.1% in 2010- a rate that is more than double that of any other beverage container.


  • Aluminum cans have 68% recycled content.
  • Used aluminum cans are recycled and back on the shelf as new cans in as few as 60 days.


  • Twenty recycled cans can be made with the energy needed to produce one can using virgin ore.
  • Recycling one aluminum can saves enough energy to run your television for three hours.
  • The amount of energy saved just from recycling cans in 2010 is equal to the energy equivalent of 17 million barrels of crude oil, or nearly two days of all U.S. oil imports.


  • The pollutants created in producing one ton of aluminum include 3,290 pounds of red mud, 2,900 pounds of carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas), 81 pounds of air pollutants and 789 pounds of solid wastes.
  • Tossing away an aluminum can wastes as much energy as pouring out half of that can’s volume of gasoline.


In 2009, 25% of all electronics at the end of their useful “lives” were collected for recycling.

Approximately 38% (by weight) of all computers ready for “end-of-life management” in 2009 were collected for recycling.

Only 17% (by weight) of all televisions at their “end-of-life” were recovered for recycling in 2009.

Only 8% (by weight) of all mobile phones no longer in use in 2009 were collected for recycling.

The average consumer replaces their mobile phone every 20.5 months.


In 2009, 12 million tons of glass was generated in the United States, and 3 million tons were recovered.

In 2009, Americans threw away almost 9 million tons of glass. That amount could fill enough tractor trailers to stretch from New York to Los Angeles and back!


Over a ton of natural resources are conserved for every ton of glass recycled, including 1,300 pounds of sand, 410 pounds of soda ash, 380 pounds of limestone, and 160 pounds of feldspar.

That means that Americans wasted around 11 million pounds of sand with the glass bottles discarded in 2009. That amount could fill every room in the White House with sand 12 feet deep!


Glass container manufacturers use up to 70% recycled glass, or “cullet.”

A glass container can go from a recycling bin to a store shelf in as few as 30 days.


Recycling one glass bottle saves enough energy to light a 100-watt light bulb for four hours, power a computer for 30 minutes, or a television for 20 minutes.

Use of cullet in place of raw material saves energy because it melts at a lower temperature. That means it also emits less carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide, two greenhouse gasses.


In 2010, Americans recovered 63.5% of U.S. paper— an 89% increase in recovery since 1990. However, we threw away $2.8 billion worth of paper!

In 2010, Americans trashed enough paper to cover 26,700 football fields or 17,800 soccer fields in paper three feet deep.


87% (268 million) of Americans have access to curbside or drop-off paper recycling programs.


31% of the paper and paperboard recovered in the U.S. in 2010 went to produce containerboard (i.e. corrugated boxes) and 12% went to produce boxboard (i.e. cereal boxes).

As of 2010, 80 percent of U.S. paper mills (115 mills) relied on recycled paper. In fact, it supplied 37 percent of their material.


Nearly 40% of the paper collected for recycling in the U.S. in 2010 was exported to China and other nations.


Producing recycled paper takes 40% less energy than producing paper from virgin wood pulp.


It takes 24 trees to make one ton of uncoated virgin (non-recycled) printing and office paper.

Using recycled scrap paper instead of virgin material saves 7,000 gallons of water per ton of paper produced.

Recycled paper production creates 74 percent less air pollution and 35 percent less water pollution than virgin paper production.


In 2009, almost 30 million tons of plastics were generated in the United States, and only around 2 million tons were recovered.

In 2009, 2.12 million tons of plastics (of all kinds) were recycled in the United States. However, that was only 7.1% of all plastics generated in 2009.

In 2009, the plastic bottle recycling rate reached a record high of 2.5 billion pounds, or 28% of all plastic bottles consumed in the United States.


In 2009, $485 million worth of plastic was wasted in the United States. That’s enough for 1,000 households to live on the U.S. median income for nearly a decade.


94% of Americans have access to plastic bottle recycling and 40% of the population can also recycle other types of plastic containers, like dairy tubs and lids.

Within the 100 largest cities via a 2,500-community person survey, the percentage of the population with access to recycle plastic containers in addition to bottles has nearly doubled since 2008.


If all 8 billion pounds of plastic bottles produced in the U.S. in 2009 had been recycled, the material could have produced 22 million extra large t-shirts.

The amount of plastic bottles recycled in 2009, provided enough raw material for about 7 million shirts to be made.

44 percent increase in 2009 of RPET (Recycled PET) used in food and beverage bottles.


Every pound of recycled PET used in place of virgin material reduces energy use in plastic production by 84% and greenhouse gas emissions by 71%


In 2009, over 855 million pounds of plastic bags and wraps were recycled in the U.S. – up 31% percent from 2005.

Americans recycled 200 million more pounds of plastic bags and film in 2009 than we recycled in 2005.


Only 9 percent of plastic bags, sacks, and wraps were recycled in 2009. That means 3,470 tons – or $694,000 worth—were discarded!

Over half of all recovered film was exported in 2009, compared to about 1/4 in 2005.


With a 66.2% recycling rate, steel containers are one of the most recycled materials in the United States. Every minute, approximately 20,000 steel cans are recycled in the United States

In 2009, 16 million tons of steel were generated in the U.S., and 5 million tons were recovered.

Each year, more steel is recycled than aluminum, paper, glass and plastic combined.

In the past 50 years, more than 50 percent of the steel produced in this country has been recycled through the steelmaking process.


In 2009, Americans threw away 10.39 million tons of steel. That amounts to more than $3 billion in wasted material, or enough to buy lunch for everyone in the United States!


Steel producers in the United States use more than 70% recycled steel.


Recycling steel and tin cans saves between 60 and 74 percent of the energy used to produce them from raw materials.


  • Recycling one ton of steel conserves 2500 pounds of iron ore, 1400 pounds of coal and 120 pounds of limestone.


  • In 2009, we filled United States landfills with trash equivalent to the weight of 88 million cars.
  • In 2009, Americans produced enough trash to circle the earth 24 times.

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Aluminum Recycling Interesting Facts

Company News, News & Events, Recycling Acts & Stats , ,

  1. Discovered in the 1820s, aluminum is the most abundant metal on earth.
  2. Over 50 percent of the aluminum cans produced are recycled.
  3. A used aluminum can is recycled and back on the grocery shelf as a new can, in as little as 60 days.
  4. Aluminum is a durable and sustainable metal: two-thirds of the aluminum ever produced is in use today.
  5. Every minute of every day, an average of 113,204 aluminum cans are recycled.
  6. Making new aluminum cans from used cans takes 95 percent less energy; 20 recycled cans can be made with the energy needed to produce one can using virgin ore.
  7. Recycling one aluminum saves enough energy to keep a 100-watt bulb burning for almost four hours or run your television
  8. for three hours.
  9. In 2005, 54 billion cans were recycled saving energy equivalent to 15 million barrels of crude oil – America’s entire gas consumption for one day.
  10. Tossing away an aluminum can wastes as much energy as pouring out half of that can’s volume of gasoline.
  11. In 1972, 24,000 metric tons of aluminum used beverage containers (UBCs) were recycled. In 1998, the amount increased to over 879,000 metric tons.
  12. In 1972, it took about 22 empty aluminum cans to weigh one pound. Due to advanced technology to use less material and increase durability of aluminum cans, in 2002 it took about 34 empty aluminum cans to weigh one pound.
  13. While at work, the average employee consumes 2.5 beverages a day.

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